Developmental psychology : childhood and adolescence / David Shaffer, University of Georgia, Katherine Kipp, University of North Georgia.
- 1 of 1 copy available at Berklee College of Music.
0 current holds with 1 total copy.
|Location||Call Number / Copy Notes||Barcode||Shelving Location||Holdable?||Status||Due Date|
|Main Library||BF721 .S534 2014||37684001089946||Library Stacks||Copy hold / Volume hold||Available||-|
- ISBN: 9781111834524
- ISBN: 1111834520
- ISBN: 1133491219 (instructor's edition)
- ISBN: 9781133491217 (instructor's edition)
- ISBN: 1133491235 (loose-leaf edition)
- ISBN: 9781133491231 (loose-leaf edition)
- Physical Description: xxvii, 600 pages : color illustrations ; 29 cm
- Edition: 9th edition.
- Publisher: Belmont, CA, USA : Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 
"This textbook includes access to a specialized InfoTrac collection of journal articles and reference materials uniquely matched to accompany this book. Visit http://go.cengage.com/infotrac to learn more"--Cover page 4.
|Bibliography, etc. Note:||
Includes bibliographical references (pages R-1-R-42) and index.
|Formatted Contents Note:||
Machine generated contents note: pt. I Introduction to Developmental Psychology -- ch. 1 Introduction to Developmental Psychology and Its Research Strategies -- Introduction to Developmental Psychology -- What Is Development? -- Research Strategies: Basic Methods and Designs -- Research Methods in Child and Adolescent Development -- Detecting Relationships: Correlational, Experimental, and Cross-Cultural Designs -- Focus on Research A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Gender Roles -- Research Strategies and Studying Development -- Research Designs for Studying Development -- Ethical Considerations in Developmental Research -- Applying Research to Your Life Becoming a Wise Consumer of Developmental Research -- Themes in the Study of Human Development -- The Nature/Nurture Theme -- The Active/Passive Theme -- The Continuity/Discontinuity Issue -- The Holistic Nature of Development Theme -- Summary -- ch. 1 Practice Quiz -- Key Terms -- Media Resources --
Contents note continued: pt. II Biological Foundations of Development -- ch. 2 Hereditary Influences on Development -- Principles of Hereditary Transmission -- The Genetic Material -- Growth of the Zygote and Production of Body Cells -- The Germ (or Sex) Cells -- Multiple Births -- Male or Female? -- Focus on Research Crossing-Over and Chromosome Segregation During Meiosis -- What Do Genes Do? -- How Are Genes Expressed? -- Applying Research to Your Life Examples of Dominant and Recessive Traits in Human Heredity -- Hereditary Disorders -- Chromosomal Abnormalities -- Genetic Abnormalities -- Predicting, Detecting, and Treating Hereditary Disorders -- Detecting Hereditary Disorders -- Treating Hereditary Disorders -- Applying Research to Your Life Ethical Issues Surrounding Treatments for Hereditary Disorders -- Hereditary Influences on Behavior -- Behavioral Genetics -- Theories of Heredity and Environment Interactions in Development --
Contents note continued: Contributions and Criticisms of the Behavioral Genetics Approach -- The Ethological and Evolutionary Viewpoints -- Assumptions of Classical Ethology -- Ethology and Human Development -- Modern Evolutionary Theory -- Contributions and Criticisms of Ethological and Evolutionary Viewpoints -- Applying Developmental Themes to Hereditary Influences on Development -- Summary -- ch. 2 Practice Quiz -- Key Terms -- Media Resources -- ch. 3 Prenatal Development and Birth -- From Conception to Birth -- The Period of the Zygote -- The Period of the Embryo -- The Period of the Fetus -- Potential Problems in Prenatal Development -- Teratogens -- Characteristics of the Pregnant Woman -- Prevention of Birth Defects -- Birth and the Perinatal Environment -- The Birth Process -- The Baby's Experience -- Labor and Delivery Medications -- The Social Environment Surrounding Birth -- Applying Research to Your Life Cultural and Historical Variations in Birthing Practices --
Contents note continued: Potential Problems at Birth -- Anoxia -- Prematurity and Low Birth Weight -- Reproductive Risk and Capacity for Recovery -- Applying Developmental Themes to Prenatal Development and Birth -- Summary -- ch. 4 Practice Quiz -- Key Terms -- Media Resources -- ch. 4 Infancy -- The Newborn's Readiness for Life -- Newborn Reflexes -- Infant States -- Developmental Changes in Infant States -- Applying Research to Your Life Sudden Infant Death Syndrome -- Research Methods Used to Study the Infant's Sensory and Perceptual Experiences -- The Preference Method -- The Habituation Method -- The Method of Evoked Potentials -- The High-Amplitude Sucking Method -- Infant Sensory Capabilities -- Hearing -- Focus on Research Causes and Consequences of Hearing Loss -- Taste and Smell -- Touch, Temperature, and Pain -- Vision -- Visual Perception in Infancy -- Perception of Patterns and Forms -- Perception of Three-Dimensional Space -- Intermodal Perception --
Contents note continued: Are the Senses Integrated at Birth? -- Development of Intermodal Perception -- Explaining Intermodal Perception -- Cultural Influences on Infant Perception -- Basic Learning Processes in Infancy -- Habituation: Early Evidence of Information Processing and Memory -- Classical Conditioning -- Operant Conditioning -- Newborn Imitation or Observational Learning -- Focus on Research An Example of Observational Learning -- Applying Developmental Themes to Infant Development, Perception, and Learning -- Summary -- ch. 4 Practice Quiz -- Key Terms -- Media Resources -- ch. 5 Physical Development: The Brain, Body, Motor Skills, and Sexual Development -- An Overview of Maturation and Growth -- Changes in Height and Weight -- Changes in Body Proportions -- Skeletal Development -- Muscular Development -- Variations in Physical Development -- Development of the Brain -- Neural Development and Plasticity -- Brain Differentiation and Growth -- Motor Development --
Contents note continued: Basic Trends in Locomotor Development -- Fine Motor Development -- Psychological Implications of Early Motor Development -- Beyond Infancy: Motor Development in Childhood and Adolescence -- Focus on Research Sports Participation and Self-Esteem Among Adolescent Females -- Puberty: The Physical Transition from Child to Adult -- The Adolescent Growth Spurt -- Sexual Maturation -- Causes and Correlates of Physical Development -- Biological Mechanisms -- Environmental Influences -- Applying Developmental Themes to Physical Development -- Summary -- ch. 5 Practice Quiz -- Key Terms -- Media Resources -- pt. III Cognitive Development -- ch. 6 Cognitive Development: Piaget's Theory and Vygotsky's Sociocultural Viewpoint -- Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development -- What Is Intelligence? -- How We Gain Knowledge: Cognitive Schemes and Cognitive Processes -- Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development -- The Sensorimotor Stage (Birth to 2 Years) --
Contents note continued: The Preoperational Stage (2 to 7 Years) and the Emergence of Symbolic Thought -- Applying Research to Your Life Cognitive Development and Children's Humor -- The Concrete-Operational Stage (7 to 11 Years) -- The Formal-Operational Stage (11 to 12 Years and Beyond) -- Focus on Research Children's Responses to a Hypothetical Proposition -- An Evaluation of Piaget's Theory -- Piaget's Contributions -- Focus on Research Evaluating Piaget Through a Cross-Cultural Lens -- Challenges to Piaget -- Vygotsky's Sociocultural Perspective -- The Role of Culture in Intellectual Development -- The Social Origins of Early Cognitive Competencies and the Zone of Proximal Development -- Implications for Education -- The Role of Language in Cognitive Development -- Vygotsky in Perspective: Summary and Evaluation -- Applying Developmental Themes to Piaget's and Vygotsky's Theories -- Summary -- ch. 6 Practice Quiz -- Key Terms -- Media Resources --
Contents note continued: ch. 7 Cognitive Development: Information-Processing Perspectives -- The Multistore Model -- Development of the Multistore Model -- Developmental Differences in "Hardware": Information-Processing Capacity -- Developmental Differences in "Software": Strategies and What Children Know About "Thinking" -- Development of Attention -- Development of Memory: Retaining and Retrieving Information -- The Development of Event and Autobiographical Memory -- Applying Research to Your Life What Happened to Our Early Childhood Memories? -- The Development of Memory Strategies -- Development of Other Cognitive Skills -- Analogical Reasoning -- Arithmetic Skills -- Evaluating the Information-Processing Perspective -- Applying Developmental Themes to Information-Processing Perspectives -- Summary -- ch. 7 Practice Quiz -- Key Terms -- Media Resources -- ch. 8 Intelligence: Measuring Mental Performance -- What Is Intelligence? -- Psychometric Views of Intelligence --
Contents note continued: A Modern Information-Processing Viewpoint -- Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences -- How Is Intelligence Measured? -- The Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale -- The Wechsler Scales -- Group Tests of Mental Performance -- Newer Approaches to Intelligence Testing -- Assessing Infant Intelligence -- Stability of IQ in Childhood and Adolescence -- What Do Intelligence Tests Predict? -- IQ as a Predictor of Scholastic Achievement -- IQ as a Predictor of Vocational Outcomes -- IQ as a Predictor of Health, Adjustment, and Life Satisfaction -- Factors That Influence IQ Scores -- The Evidence for Heredity -- The Evidence for Environment -- The Evidence for the Transaction of Heredity and Environment -- Social and Cultural Influences on Intellectual Performance -- Social-Class and Ethnic Differences in IQ -- Focus on Research Do Socioeconomic Differences Explain Ethnic Differences in IQ? -- Improving Cognitive Performance Through Compensatory Education --
Contents note continued: Long-Term Follow-Ups -- The Importance of Parental Involvement -- The Importance of Intervening Early -- Creativity and Special Talents -- What Is Creativity? -- Applying Developmental Themes to Intelligence and Creativity -- Summary -- ch. 8 Practice Quiz -- Key Terms -- Media Resources -- ch. 9 Development of Language and Communication Skills -- Five Components of Language -- Phonology -- Morphology -- Semantics -- Syntax -- Pragmatics -- Theories of Language Development -- The Learning (or Empiricist) Perspective -- The Nativist Perspective -- Focus on Research On the "Invention" of Language by Children -- The Interactionist Perspective -- The Prelinguistic Period: Before Language -- Early Reactions to Speech -- The Importance of Intonational Cues -- Producing Sounds: The Infant's Prelinguistic Vocalizations -- What Do Prelinguistic Infants Know about Language and Communication? -- The Holophrase Period: One Word at a Time --
Contents note continued: Early Semantics: Building a Vocabulary -- Attaching Meaning to Words -- When a Word Is More Than a Word -- The Telegraphic Period: From Holophrases to Simple Sentences -- A Semantic Analysis of Telegraphic Speech -- The Pragmatics of Early Speech -- Applying Research to Your Life Learning a Gestural Language -- Language Learning during the Preschool Period -- Development of Grammatical Morphemes -- Mastering Transformational Rules -- Semantic Development -- Development of Pragmatics and Communication Skills -- Language Learning During Middle Childhood and Adolescence -- Later Syntactic Development -- Semantics and Metalinguistic Awareness -- Further Development of Communication Skills -- Bilingualism: Challenges and Consequences of Learning Two Languages -- Applying Developmental Themes to Language Acquisition -- Summary -- ch. 9 Practice Quiz -- Key Terms -- Media Resources -- pt. IV Social and Personality Development --
Contents note continued: ch. 10 Emotional Development, Temperament, and Attachment -- Emotional Development -- Displaying Emotions: The Development (and Control) of Emotional Expressions -- Recognizing and Interpreting Emotions -- Emotions and Early Social Development -- Focus on Research Assessing Emotional Competence in Young Children -- Temperament and Development -- Hereditary and Environmental Influences on Temperament -- Stability of Temperament -- Attachment and Development -- Attachments as Reciprocal Relationships -- How Do Infants Become Attached? -- Applying Research to Your Life Combating Stranger Anxiety: Some Helpful Hints for Caregivers, Doctors, and Child-Care Professionals -- Individual Differences in Attachment Quality -- Fathers as Caregivers -- Factors That Influence Attachment Security -- Attachment and Later Development -- Applying Developmental Themes to Emotional Development, Temperament, and Attachment -- Summary -- ch. 10 Practice Quiz -- Key Terms --
Contents note continued: Media Resources -- ch. 11 Development of the Self-Concept -- How the Self-Concept Develops -- Self-Differentiation in Infancy -- Self-Recognition in Infancy -- "Who Am I?" Responses of Preschool Children -- Conceptions of Self in Middle Childhood and Adolescence -- Cultural Influences on the Self-Concept -- Self-Esteem: The Evaluative Component of Self -- Origins and Development of Self-Esteem -- Social Contributors to Self-Esteem -- Development of Achievement Motivation and Academic Self-Concepts -- Early Origins of Achievement Motivation -- Achievement Motivation During Middle Childhood and Adolescence -- Beyond Achievement Motivation: Development of Achievement Attributions -- Applying Research to Your Life Helping the Helpless Achieve -- Who Am I to Be? Forging an Identity -- Developmental Trends in Identity Formation -- How Painful Is Identity Formation? -- Influences on Identity Formation -- Identity Formation Among Minority Youth --
Contents note continued: The Other Side of Social Cognition: Knowing About Others -- Age Trends in Person Perception -- Applying Research To Your Life Racial Categorization and Racism in Young Children -- Theories of Social-Cognitive Development -- Applying Developmental Themes to the Development of the Self and Social Cognition -- Summary -- ch. 11 Practice Quiz -- Key Terms -- Media Resources -- ch. 12 Sex Differences and Gender-Role Development -- Defining Sex and Gender -- Categorizing Males and Females: Gender-Role Standards -- Some Facts and Fictions About Sex Differences -- Actual Psychological Differences Between the Sexes -- Cultural Myths -- Do Cultural Myths Contribute to Sex Differences in Ability (and Vocational Opportunity)? -- Developmental Trends in Gender Typing -- Development of the Gender Concept -- Development of Gender-Role Stereotypes -- Development of Gender-Typed Behavior -- Theories of Gender Typing and Gender-Role Development -- Evolutionary Theory --
Contents note continued: Money and Ehrhardt's Biosocial Theory of Gender Differentiation and Development -- Focus on Research Is Biology Destiny? Sex Assignment Catastrophes -- A Psychobiosocial Viewpoint -- Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory -- Social Learning Theory -- Kohlberg's Cognitive-Developmental Theory -- Gender Schema Theory -- An Integrative Theory -- Applications: On Changing Gender-Role Attitudes and Behavior -- Applying Developmental Themes to Sex Differences and Gender-Role Development -- Summary -- ch. 12 Practice Quiz -- Key Terms -- Media Resources -- ch. 13 Aggression, Altruism, and Moral Development -- The Development of Aggression -- Origins of Aggression in Infancy -- Developmental Trends in Aggression -- Individual Differences in Aggressive Behavior -- Cultural and Subcultural Influences on Aggression -- Coercive Home Environments: Breeding Grounds for Aggression -- Applying Research To Your Life Methods of Controlling Aggression in Young Children --
Contents note continued: Altruism: Development of the Prosocial Self -- Origins of Altruism -- Developmental Trends in Altruism -- Sex Differences in Altruism -- Social-Cognitive and Affective Contributors to Altruism -- Cultural and Social Influences on Altruism -- Who Raises Altruistic Children? -- Moral Development: Affective, Cognitive, and Behavioral Components -- How Developmentalists Look at Morality -- The Affective Component of Moral Development -- The Cognitive Component of Moral Development -- The Behavioral Component of Moral Development -- Applying Research to Your Life How Should I Discipline My Children? -- Applying Developmental Themes to the Development of Aggression, Altruism, and Morality -- Summary -- ch. 13 Practice Quiz -- Key Terms -- Media Resources -- pt. V The Context of Development -- ch. 14 The Context of Development I: The Family -- The Ecological Systems Viewpoint -- Bronfenbrenner's Contexts for Development -- Understanding the Family --
Contents note continued: The Family as a Social System -- Families Are Developing Systems -- Conclusions About Understanding Families -- Parental Socialization During Childhood and Adolescence -- Two Major Dimensions of Parenting -- Four Patterns of Parenting -- Focus on Research Parenting Styles and Developmental Outcomes -- Applying Research To Your Life Renegotiating the Parent-Child Relationship During Adolescence -- Social Class and Ethnic Variations in Child Rearing -- Focus on Research Developmental Surprises from Affluent Parents -- The Influence of Siblings and Sibling Relationships -- Changes in the Family Systems When a New Baby Arrives -- Sibling Relationships over the Course of Childhood -- Positive Contributions of Sibling Relationships -- Diversity in Family Life -- Adoptive Families -- Donor Insemination (DI) Families -- Gay and Lesbian Families -- Family Conflict and Divorce -- Applying Developmental Themes to Family Life, Parenting, and Siblings -- Summary --
Contents note continued: ch. 14 Practice Quiz -- Key Terms -- Media Resources -- ch. 15 The Context of Development II: Peers, Schools, and Technology -- Peers as Agents of Socialization -- Who Is a Peer, and What Functions Do Peers Serve? -- The Development of Peer Sociability -- Peer Acceptance and Popularity -- School as a Socialization Agent -- Schooling and Cognitive Development -- Applying Research To Your Life Should Preschoolers Attend School? -- Determinants of Effective Schooling -- Education and Developmental Transitions -- The Effects of Television on Child Development -- Development of Television Literacy -- Focus on Research Do The Mighty Morphin Power Rangers Promote Children's Aggression? -- Some Potentially Undesirable Effects of Television -- Television as an Educational Tool -- Child Development in the Digital Age -- Computers in the Classroom -- Beyond the Classroom: Benefits of Internet Exposure -- Concerns About Computers --
Contents note continued: Final Thoughts on the Context of Development -- Applying Developmental Themes to the Context of Development -- Summary -- ch. 15 Practice Quiz -- Key Terms -- Media Resources.
This text presents you with the best theories, research, and practical advice that developmentalists have to offer today. Authors David R. Shaffer and Katherine Kipp provide you with a current and comprehensive overview of child and adolescent development, written in clear, concise language that talks "to" you rather than "at" you. The authors also focus on application showing how theories and research apply to real-life settings. As a result, you will gain an understanding of developmental principles that will help you in your roles as parents, teachers, nurses, day-care workers, pediatricians, psychologists, or in any other capacity by which you may one day influence the lives of developing persons.
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